8 Summary of Results and Outlook
- Res judicata
8.01 To summarize the findings of the present study, a number of characteristics specific to the international investment framework are particularly conducive to the initiation of multiple proceedings for the resolution of investor-state disputes. Jurisdictional competition, jurisdictional fragmentation, and a potential abuse of the complexities of the system by investors can be at the origin of multiple actions with regard to what are substantially identical or at least closely related disputes. These multiple proceedings need to be addressed either at the...