- Choice of law — Arbitral rules — Arbitral agreements — Arbitral tribunals — Arbitrators — International courts and tribunals, decisions — International courts and tribunals, powers
This chapter examines the arbitral tribunal which resolves dispute by way of arbitration. It discusses the number of arbitrators, the procedure of appointing arbitrators, the selection of arbitrators, the challenge, termination of the office and replacement of arbitrators, as well as the arbitrator agreement — a topic that has more attention in Germany than in other jurisdictions. The study is important as the arbitral tribunal is one of the most important strategic steps in any arbitration. In most cases, the parties and their counsel to believe that picking the right panel is a preeminent precondition for achieving the desired outcome. The chapter describes how under German law, the principles of independence and impartiality of an arbitration are non-derogable cornerstones of any arbitral proceedings. Essentially, they form part of the German procedural ordre public which are considered indispensable constitutional requirements in order for arbitral proceedings to be equivalent to state court litigation.