4.01 When the Netherlands introduced a general collective actions provision in 1994, it was among the first European countries to put such a system in place. Since its introduction, the collective action mechanism has increasingly been used in a wide variety of cases. Despite its relative success, the international interest in the Dutch system of collective redress was virtually non-existent until recently. This changed with the introduction of the Dutch Act on Collective Settlements (WCAM) in 2005. The Netherlands is the only European country to date where a...
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