- Prospectus — Securities — Financial regulation
This chapter analyses the concept of transferable security in the Prospectus Regulation and tests the flexibility and latitude of this concept with reference to the recent phenomenon of Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs). It firstly examines MiFID's (Markets in Financial Instruments Directive 2004) definitions of financial instrument and transferable security, and then focuses on the latter with special regard to the Prospectus Regulation. The chapter subsequently introduces the ICO phenomenon and the categories of tokens that are issued through blockchain in practice. It goes on to consider the treatment of ICOs under US securities regulation and then focuses on whether tokens issued in ICOs qualify as transferable securities under the EU Prospectus Regulation. The chapter gives a positive answer not only with respect to investment tokens, but also to hybrid tokens which present an investment functionality. It concludes that in given circumstances also utility tokens could qualify as securities.
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full
to access all content.