- Appointment of arbitrator — Arbitral tribunals — Awards — Third party participation
This conclusion summarises the book's main findings with regard to the role of tribunal secretaries in international arbitration. The book has shown that the division of labour has been a part of the earliest ancestors of modern international arbitration. It has discussed the contractual implications of the tribunal secretary's appointment, the importance of transparency in all aspects of the secretary's mandate, the secretary's right to receive remuneration, which permissible tasks tribunal secretaries may carry out, and whether parties can challenge and remove arbitrators and tribunal secretaries. It has also considered the pathological case of an irregular use of tribunal secretaries as well as the available remedies, including recourse against the arbitral award. The book ends with a brief overview of future prospects for tribunal secretaries, focusing on two scenarios: they become either obsolete or they evolve into new forms of third-party support.