- Credit — Capital markets
This chapter focuses on export credit agencies (ECAs). ECAs are government-backed suppliers of financing and other credit support. As enablers of government policy and ‘soft diplomacy’, they possess a variety of tools that are not available to commercial financial institutions alone. Among the most important of these tools is the ability to offer financial terms that are more competitive than those available in the market. ECAs are able to provide financial liquidity in challenging times, making them attractive market participants in all types of credit environments. ECAs are an essential source of capital for the financing of cross-border trade, including for the financing of major infrastructure projects worldwide. In the coming years ECAs will likely continue to play a pivotal role in the financing of global energy, natural resources and infrastructure projects.