This chapter takes a critical view on some energy-related investor-state disputes in Asia which have ‘left a bitter taste in the Host State's mouth’. Using selected case studies, the chapter concludes that some Asian countries, who once saw agreeing to investor-state arbitration as a means to attract investment, are nowadays more reticent towards this type of dispute resolution. The chapter discusses how to revive investor-state arbitration in Asia. In particular, it considers investor-state arbitration against the backdrop of recent growth in outward Asian investment. It emphasizes the importance of regional and international energy cooperation and initiatives such as the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Comprehensive Investment Agreement.
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