- Enforcement — Investment business — Market abuse — Regulated activities — Supervision
This chapter shows that MiFID II brings modest changes to trading venues in the EU: newly introduced Organized Trading Facilities (OTFs) will be the reference venues for a significant portion of derivatives trading; and regulated markets (RMs) and Multilateral Trading Facilities (MTFs) regimes have been aligned, with specific provisions to strengthen the governance of venues and operators. However, trading venues which have developed into Financial Markets Infrastructures (FMI) groups providing trading and post-trading services test the capacity of the current regime—and MiFID II itself—to oversee their activities and guarantee competition and stability. MiFID II does not explicitly take FMI groups into account; only three sets of rules address some of their potential risks. The authors conclude that this regulatory gap might threaten financial market stability, and regulators should consider a regulatory intervention, such as the experience of the regulatory and supervisory colleges of CCPs under EMIR and the regulatory framework of the financial conglomerates directive.
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