- Appointment of arbitrator — Arbitral tribunals — Challenge to appointment of arbitrator — Replacement of arbitrator
This chapter discusses Korean arbitral tribunals. Korean courts have been strict in applying the provisions in the Arbitration Act regarding these. The courts have not hesitated to set aside awards when they have found that the parties have not complied with provisions concerning tribunal requirements or where tribunals have had conflicts of interest. Under the new 2016 Arbitration Act, furthermore, when the parties fail to appoint an arbitrator or reach agreement on a sole arbitrator or the chair, the court can now designate an institution such as the Korean Commercial Arbitration Board (KCAB) to appoint the arbitrator. The KCAB has accumulated considerable experience and has greater institutional knowledge than the courts concerning the expertise of potential arbitrators, particularly international ones. With these developments in mind, the chapter reviews some formative cases which have shaped these tribunals in their current incarnation.