Part III Recognition and Enforcement, 20 Hague
From: Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments in Europe: The Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention, and the Hague Choice of Court Convention
Trevor C Hartley
- Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments – traditional rules
This chapter considers recognition and enforcement under the Hague Convention. Hague applies only to judgments given by a court of a State to which the Hague Convention applies, and it applies only if the court of origin had jurisdiction under a choice-of-court agreement. The position under Hague is different from that under Brussels 2012 and Lugano 2007 since the court addressed is not precluded from deciding for itself whether the choice-of-court agreement was valid and the claim was within its scope. Apart from this, Hague has a great deal in common with Brussels and Lugano, though there are a number of additional provisions in the former that find no counterpart in the latter. The relevant provisions are found in Part III of the Convention. Article 8 lays down the general conditions for recognition; Article 9 provides certain specific grounds for non-recognition and subsequent Articles deal with special issues. Each of these provisions are considered in turn.