Appendix 7 1952 Collision Convention
From: Civil Jurisdiction and Judgments in Europe: The Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention, and the Hague Choice of Court Convention
Trevor C Hartley
1952 INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION FOR THE UNIFICATION OF CERTAIN RULES CONCERNING CIVIL JURISDICTION IN MATTERS OF COLLISION
Adopted in Brussels on 10 May 1952
(1) An action for collision occurring between seagoing vessels, or between seagoing vessels and inland navigation craft, can only be introduced:
(a) either before the Court where the defendant has his habitual residence or a place of business;
(b) or before the Court of the place where arrest has been effected of the defendant ship or of any other ship belonging to the defendant which can be lawfully arrested, or where arrest could have been effected and bail or other security has been furnished;
(c) or before the Court of the place of collision when the collision has occurred within the limits of a port or in inland waters.
(2) It shall be for the Plaintiff to decide in which of the Courts referred to in § 1 of this article the action shall be instituted.
(3) A claimant shall not be allowed to bring a further action against the same defendant on the same facts in another jurisdiction, without discontinuing an action already instituted.
The provisions of Article 1 shall not in any way prejudice the right of the parties to bring an action in respect of a collision before a Court they have chosen by agreement or to refer it to arbitration.
(1) Counterclaims arising out of the same collision can be brought before the Court having jurisdiction over the principal action in accordance with the provisions of Article 1.
(2) In the event of there being several claimants, any claimant may bring his action before the Court previously seized of an action against the same party arising out of the same collision.
(3) In the case of a collision or collisions in which two or more vessels are involved nothing in this Convention shall prevent any Court seized of an action by reason of the provisions of this Convention, from exercising jurisdiction under its national laws in further actions arising out of the same incident.
This Convention shall also apply to an action for damage caused by one ship to another or to the property or persons on board such ships through the carrying out of or the omission to carry out a maneuver or through non-compliance with regulations even when there has been no actual collision.
Nothing contained in this Convention shall modify the rules of law now or hereafter in force in the various contracting States in regard to collisions involving warships or vessels owned by or in the service of a State.
This Convention does not affect claims arising from contracts of carriage of from any other contracts.
This Convention shall not apply in cases covered by the provisions of the revised Rhine Navigation Convention of 17 October 1868.
The provisions of this Convention shall be applied as regards all persons interested when all the vessels concerned in any action belong to States of the High Contracting Parties. Provided always that:
The High Contracting Parties undertake to submit to arbitration any disputes between States arising out of the interpretation or application of this Convention, but this shall be without prejudice to the obligations of those High Contracting Parties who have agreed to submit their disputes to the International Court of Justice.
This Convention shall be open for signature by the States represented at the Ninth Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Law. The protocol of signature shall be drawn up through the good offices of the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
This Convention shall be ratified and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs which shall notify all signatory and acceding States of the deposit of any such instruments.
(a) This Convention shall come into force between the two States which first ratify it, six months after the date of the deposit of the second instrument of ratification.
(b) This Convention shall come into force in respect of each signatory State which ratifies if after the deposit of the second instrument of ratification six months after the date of the deposit of the instrument of ratification of that State.
Any State not represented at the Ninth Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Law may accede to this Convention. The accession of any State shall be notified to the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs which shall inform through diplomatic channels all signatory and acceding States of such notification. The Convention shall come into force in respect of the acceding State six months after the date of the receipt of such notification but not before the Convention has come into force in accordance with the provisions of Article 12 a).
Any High Contracting Party may three years after the coming into force of this Convention in respect of such High Contracting Party or at any time there after request that a conference be convened in order to consider amendments to the Convention. Any High Contracting Party proposing to avail itself of this right shall notify the Belgian Government which shall convene the conference within six months thereafter.
Any High Contracting Party shall have the right to denounce this Convention at any time after the coming into force thereof in respect of such High Contracting Party. This denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which notification thereof has been received by the Belgian Government which shall inform through diplomatic channels all the other High Contracting Parties of such notification.
(a) Any High Contracting Party may at the time of its ratification of or accession to this Convention or at any time thereafter declare by written notification to the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the Convention shall extend to any of the territories for whose international relations it is responsible. The Convention shall six months after the date of the receipt of such notification by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs extend to the territories named therein, but not before the date of the coming into force of the Convention in respect of such High Contracting Party.
(b) A High Contracting Party which has made a declaration under paragraph a) of this Article extending the Convention to any territory for whose international relations it is responsible may at any time thereafter declare by notification given to the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs that the Convention shall cease to extend to such territory and the Convention shall one year after the (p. 518) receipt of the notification by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs cease to extend thereto.
DONE in Brussels, in a single original in the French and English languages, the two texts being equally authentic, on May 10, 1952.