The introduction poses the dilemma of legitimizing the nebulous practice of international arbitration through its main participants — the arbitrators, lawyers, experts, and third-party funders. Despite the increasing prominence of international arbitration in recent years, there has yet to be any codified laws governing the ethical behaviour of its participants. Who or what should dictate the ethical duties and professional conduct for those actively involved in the international arbitration community? There are, unfortunately, no definite solutions that can address the complex workings of international arbitration. However, this book proposes that, as far as the international arbitration community is concerned, the community itself must assume its own ethical regulations within international arbitration processes and institutions — rather than national or subnational institutions and authorities — in an act of ethical self-regulation.