- Construction of contract — Formation of contract — Interpretation of contract
‘Unconscionability’ is a narrow equitable doctrine which protects a vulnerable party against reprehensible exploitation of his position of weakness. The doctrine of unconscionability comprises four factors: (i) the vulnerable party’s special or serious disadvantage; (ii) actual or constructive fraud, that is, conscious and reprehensible exploitation; (iii) highly disadvantageous terms; and (iv) lack of independent advice.
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