Luciano Benetti Timm, Fabiane VerçosaFrom: International Arbitration: Law and Practice in Brazil
Edited By: Peter Sester
This chapter highlights labour law arbitration in Brazil. Traditionally, labour law in Brazil recognises two main groups of rights: individual and collective rights. Individual labour relations are concerned with the relationship between individual workers and their employers. Collective labour relations refer to the social relationships generated through processes of consultation and negotiation—over working conditions, labour standards, and other employment issues—between, on the one hand, the workers' collective or their representatives and, on the other hand, the employers or employers’ organization. Even before the Labour Legislation Reform of 2017, Brazilian legal order already provided in its Constitution and in other legal statutes the possibility of arbitration for collective labour rights. On the other hand, before the promulgation of the Labour Legislation Reform, there was no provision under Brazilian Law that would open the possibility of arbitration in the event of individual labour disputes.