9 National Report for France »
Gilles Cuniberti, Isabelle RuedaFrom: Ranking and Priority of Creditors
Edited By: Dennis Faber, Niels Vermunt, Jason Kilborn, Tomáš Richter, Ignacio Tirado
This chapter discusses the law on creditor claims in France. French insolvency law has traditionally been unfriendly to creditors benefitting from contractual security interests. Unlike most other legal systems, insolvency claims secured by contractual security interests over certain assets of the debtor do not enjoy the right to be satisfied from the secured assets in priority to all other claims. The treatment of creditor claims is also similar among various insolvency proceedings. In reorganization proceedings (sauvegarde or redressement judiciaire), post-commencement claims are more common and substantial, whereas in liquidation proceedings (liquidation judiciaire), such claims are often non-existent. The remainder of the chapter deals with insolvency claims, administration claims, and non-enforceable claims in turn. Each section covers: the definition and scope of the claim; rules for submission, verification, and satisfaction or admission of claims; ranking of claims; and voting and other participation rights in insolvency proceedings.