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9 Official Funding Sources: Export Credit Agencies and Multilateral Development Banks »

Alexander Borisoff, Andrew Compton
From: International Project Finance: Law and Practice (2nd Edition)
Edited By: John Dewar
This chapter provides an overview of official funding sources available in the project finance arena, including from export credit agencies, multilateral development banks, and governmental and quasi-governmental entities. The forepart of the chapter describes export credit agencies and multilateral development banks generally, as well as hybrid-type official funding sources. The second part of the chapter explores the types of funding these entities provide, including loans, loan guarantees, political risk insurance, working capital facilities, equity investments, and bond guarantees. The chapter concludes by assessing regulatory regimes applicable to export credit agencies, including the voluntary OECD Consensus or Arrangement on Export Credits that seeks to promote transparency among export credit agencies, and other common issues and considerations to explore when seeking funding by way of such an official funding source.