1 Sapphire v National Iranian Oil Co. [15, March 1963] ILR (1967) 136, 181.
2 P Schlechtriem, Uniform Sales Law: The UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Manz 1986) 100.
4 J Rimke, ‘Force Majeure and Hardship: Application in International Trade Practice with Specific Regards to the CISG and the UNIDROIT Principles of International Commercial Contracts’ (1999–2000) Pace Review of the Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods 201.
17 Paradine v Jane 82 ER 897 (KB) 1647.
24 Waldinger Corp. v CSR Group Engineers, Inc., 775 F 3d 781, 786 (7th Cir 1985).
26 This is defined as meaning that all agreements are concluded with the implied condition that they are binding only as long as there are no major changes in circumstances (Black’s Law Dictionary).
29 See J Vilus, ‘Provisions Common to the Obligations of the Seller and the Buyer’ in P Sarcevic and P Volken (eds), International Sale of Goods: Dubrovnik Lectures (Oceana 1986); D König, ‘Voraussehbarkeit des Schadens als Grenze vertraglicher Haftung’ in Ernst von Caemmerer, Hans Georg Leser, and Wolfgang Marschall von Bieberstein (eds), Das Haager Einheitliche Kaufgesetz und das Deutsche Schuldrecht, Kolloquim zum 65. Geburtstag von Ernst v Caemmerer (C F Müller 1973).
30 J O Honnold, Uniform Law for International Sale under the 1980 United Nations Convention (3rd edn, Kluwer International Law 1999) 484.
31 H Flechtner, ‘Article 79 of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) as Rorschach Test: The Homeward Trend and Exemptions for Delivering Non-Conforming Goods’ (2007) 19 (1) Pace International Review 29, 32.
39 Schlechtriem (n 2) 100.
50 Schlechtriem (n 2) 100.
62 A Veneziano, ‘UNIDROIT Principles and CISG: Change of Circumstances and Duty to Renegotiate According to the Belgian Supreme Court’ (2010) 15 Uniform Law Review 137, 141.
63 See generally B Zeller, ‘The UNIDROIT Principles of Hardship and the Application of Article 79 CISG: Are they Compatible?’ in I Schwenzer and L Spagnolo (eds), State of Play: 3rd Annual MAA Schlechtried CISG Conference (Eleven International Publishing 2009) 113.
64 M Flechtner, ‘The Exemption Provisions of the Sales Convention, Including Comments on “Hardship” Doctrine and the 19 June 2009 Decision of the Belgian Cassation Court’ (2011) 59 (3) Belgrade Law Review 84, 84.
71 Schlechtriem above, note 69.
72 S A Kruisinga, (Non-)conformity in the 1980 UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Uniform Concept? (Intersentia 2004) 130.
77 D Tallon, ‘Article 79’ in C M Bianca and M J Bonell (eds), Commentary on the International Sales Law (Giuffre 1987) 592.
78 H Stoll, ‘Damages’ in P Schlechtriem (ed), Kommentar zum Einheitlichen UN-Kaufrecht (3rd edn, Beck 2000) 608.
82 F Enderlein and D Maskow, International Sales Law: United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Oceana 1992) 324.
86 D P Flambouras, ‘The Doctrines of Impossibility of Performance and clausula rebus sic stantibus in the 1980 Vienna Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods and the Principles of European Contract Law: A Comparative Analysis’ (2001) 13 Pace International Law Review 274.
98 Secretariat Commentary UNCITRAL, comment 9.
99 See Enderlein and Maskow (n 82) 311.
100 Secretariat Commentary UNCITRAL, comment 9.
101 Schlechtriem (n 2) 103.
103 T Neumann, The Duty to Cooperate in International Sales—The Scope and Role of Article 80 CISG (Sellier European Law Publishers/De Gruyter 2012) 144.
105 Markus Müller-Chen, ‘Commentary on Article 45’ in Ingeborg Schwenzer (ed), Peter Schlechtriem & Ingeborg Schwenzer Commentary on the UN Convention on the International Sale of Goods (CISG) (3rd (English) edn, Oxford University Press 2010) 705–23.
107 China International Economic & Trade Arbitration Commission [CIETAC], China, Yellow Phosphorus Case (9 August 2002).
110 A Butler, ‘Limitations of Remedies Due to Failure of Performance Caused by Other Party: Comparison between the Provisions of CISG Article 80 and Counterpart Provisions of the Principles of European Contract Law’ in J Felemegas (ed), An International Approach to the Interpretation of the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (1980) as Uniform Sales Law (Cambridge University Press 2007) 506.
111 O Lando and H Beale, Principles of European Contract Law (Kluwer 2000) 359.
112 Secretariat Commentary, Official Records, I, 39.
113 Enderlein and Maskov (n 82) 190.