Jump to Content Jump to Main Navigation

6 Umbrella Clause and Investment Contracts

From: Chinese Investment Treaties: Policies and Practice

Norah Gallagher, Wenhua Shan

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 19 April 2024

Umbrella clause — Jurisdiction — Awards

The “umbrella clause” takes its name from its main objective, namely to oblige the host state to observe any commitments it has entered into with regard to foreign investors. The clause brings such obligations of the state under the protection of an applicable international investment treaty, bilateral investment treaty (BIT), or multilateral treaty. This chapter begins by reviewing the evolution of the umbrella clause and how it has been applied by investment treaty tribunals. It then examines the main variants of umbrella clauses in Chinese BITs and discusses their legal effect in light of this recent jurisprudence. It moves on to analyze the impact, if any, of these clauses on investment contracts in China, including joint venture contracts, joint exploitation of onshore and offshore petroleum resources contracts, and build-operate-transfer contracts. The chapter concludes with an analysis of the implications of umbrella clauses and investment contracts on dispute-resolution planning for foreign investors.

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.