- Applicable law — Family law — Foreign arbitral awards — Insolvency
This chapter examines how foreign judgments and arbitral awards are recognised and enforced in England. Unsatisfied foreign judgments and arbitral awards give rise to complicated questions concerning private international law. Owing to the principle of territorial sovereignty, a judgment delivered in one country cannot, in the absence of international agreement, have a direct operation of its own force in another. This chapter first considers the effect given to foreign judgments and arbitral awards before discussing the different regimes governing recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. In particular, it looks at judgments from outside the European Union and European Free Trade Association (EFTA), judgments from an EU or EFTA state, and judgments from other parts of the UK. It also analyses issues relating to insolvency, family law, and wills and successions and concludes with an overview of rules under which foreign arbitral awards are recognised and enforced.
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