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Part III Recognition and Enforcement, 18 Brussels and Lugano: Grounds for Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments

From: Civil Jurisdiction and Judgements in Europe: The Brussels I Regulation, the Lugano Convention, and the Hague Choice of Court Convention (2nd Edition)

Trevor Hartley

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 08 December 2023

18.01 It was said previously that the general rule in Brussels and Lugano is that all judgments from other Member States or Lugano States must be recognized unless there is a reason why they should not be. In this chapter, we discuss those reasons.1 18.02 The grounds for refusal set out in the instruments apply to both recognition and enforcement of a judgment. However, in the case of enforcement, the judgment debtor may also invoke grounds that apply under national law for the non-enforcement of national judgments—for example, that the judgment has been...
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