- Capital markets — Financial regulation — European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA)
This chapter looks at the new European capital markets. The creation of the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) was ‘an epochal date for EU financial market regulation’. Whereas ESMA's role is primarily one of overall supervision and promotion of supervisory convergence, the 2007–09 financial crisis, which led to its birth, continues incrementally to push the European legislator toward reinforcing ESMA's powers and capturing increasingly more activities under the ‘Single Rulebook’. With the proposal of a Capital Markets Union and Brexit, this trend is likely to continue. Potentially, the European Union is now well placed to forge a new paradigm for the regulation of capital markets, given the increased focus and the technical expertise which ESMA brings to bear. At least in theory, the EU should no longer be beholden to US or international models for its regulatory models.
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