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Part I General Aspects, 3 Judicial Protection of Supervised Credit Institutions in the European Banking Union

Tomas M C Arons

From: European Banking Union (2nd Edition)

Edited By: Danny Busch, Guido Ferrarini

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 April 2024

Bank resolution and insolvency — Bank supervision — Monetary union — European Central Bank

This chapter considers how legal and practical difficulties impede a full-fledged centralization of EU financial supervision and bank resolution. Under the European banking union regime, the ultimate policy- and decision-making powers in bank supervision and resolution lay with the European Central Bank and the Single Resolution Board (SRB) respectively. National competent authorities (NCAs) take, on the instruction of the European Central Bank and/or the SRB, decisions addressed to individual credit institutions. This system of two-level decision-making requires challenging both decisions with potentially conflicting court decisions. Ideally judicial review is centralized to mirror the centralized policy and decision-making powers. However, the Court of Justice of the European Union is overloaded with cases already. It is submitted that a specialized court, the Tribunal of Financial Supervisory and Resolution Affairs, attached to the General Court is established to hear and determine at first instance action or proceedings brought against the European Central Bank and/or the SRB in matters relating to decisions taken in exercising its supervisory and resolution powers.

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