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Part I Background, 1 Documents Used in International Trade

From: Electronic Documents in Maritime Trade: Law and Practice (2nd Edition)

Miriam Goldby

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 09 December 2022

Carriage of goods — Contract — Documents — Certificates of insurance — Contracts and insurance — Payment

This chapter looks at the documents most commonly used in international trade. These documents include the sale contract, transport documents, insurance documents, certifying documents, and payment instruments. The purchase order usually constitutes at law an offer to the seller, which becomes a binding contract upon the seller's acceptance. The invoice is a document issued by the seller as evidence of performance of the contract of sale. These documents relating to the sale will usually include a document evidencing that the goods have reached the carrier and indicating the terms under which the transport of the goods is to take place. A contract for the cross-border sale of goods will then specify that the goods should be insured during their transport. Many international sale contracts require certain facts to be certified, for example the origin, quality, and/or quantity of the goods.

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