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Part IV The Responsibilities of the Shipper, 23 Freight

From: Carriage of Goods by Sea (3rd Edition)

Stephen Girvin

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 June 2024

Carriage of goods

This chapter highlights freight, which is the consideration payable to the carrier for the safe carriage of the goods, in a merchantable condition, and their delivery at the port of discharge. Freight is payable under a voyage charterparty or under a bill of lading issued by the shipowner and, in some cases, by the charterer. If the parties have agreed no freight, it is possible to determine a ‘reasonable sum’ as remuneration from the state of the freight market. The common law presumption is that freight is payable only on delivery of the goods to the consignee at the port of discharge, following presentation of an original bill of lading or letter of indemnity. The carrier may not demand payment unless it is willing and able to deliver the goods at the place agreed. The chapter then looks at advance freight, lump sum freight, pro rata freight, and back freight.

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