- Lending and credit — Guarantees and security
This chapter looks at how the expression ‘perfection’ is a useful way to describe steps that a secured creditor has to take in order to be able to make the security effective against other secured creditors, trustees in bankruptcy, and company liquidators or administrators. The methods of perfection set out in Revised Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code consist of possession, control, and registration. Care must be taken, however, in applying the concept of perfection to English law. First, Article 9 requires that every security interest be perfected, although for some types of security interest no extra step is needed beyond the security being agreed and attaching to the collateral. Second, the steps needed to be taken to register, as well as those needed to obtain control, are different to those required in English law.
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