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Part II Text and Context, 3 Principle 3: The Whole Text

From: Principles of Contractual Interpretation (2nd Edition)

Richard Calnan

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 April 2024

Insolvency clauses and damages — Bills of lading

This chapter explains that contracts are read as a whole. Words and expressions in a contract cannot be seen insolation. They get their colour from the rest of the contract and, if the contract is part of a wider transaction, from the other transaction documents. It also considers the principle that a person interpreting a contract should strive to give effect to each part of the contract. It explains how these issues are dealt with in practice. It also discusses those limited types of case in which contracts are not read as a whole.

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