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Part VIII The Future of the International Law of Tainted Money, 24 Virtual Currencies, Artificial Intelligence, and Emerging Legal Questions

Kay Firth-Butterfield, Richard Brent, Tom Grant

From: Banks and Financial Crime: The International Law of Tainted Money (2nd Edition)

Edited By: William Blair, Richard Brent, Tom Grant

From: Oxford Legal Research Library (http://olrl.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2023. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 May 2024

Electronic money — Criminal proceedings — Misuse of information — Money laundering — Conduct of business regulation

This chapter provides a background to technologies such as the distributed ledger (e.g., blockchain) that underlie virtual currencies such as Bitcoin. It also considers the concept-or range of concepts-that the expression ‘Artificial Intelligence’ (AI) denotes. The chapter then presents an overview of legislation and regulation adopted to date as relevant to virtual currencies in the UK, EU, and U.S. and of policy statements suggesting the near-term course that legislation might take. Turning to private law, the chapter considers issues that Bitcoin raises in relation to private law claims. Finally, it finishes by considering wider legal and societal issues entailed by the interplay of virtual currencies, AI, and financial crime.

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