Part III Jurisdiction, Foreign Judgments and Awards, 12 The Competence of the English Courts Under—The Traditional Rules
Uglješa Grušić, Christian Heinze, Louise Merrett, Alex Mills, Carmen Otero García-Castrillón, Zheng Sophia Tang, Katarina Trimmings, Lara WalkerEdited By: Paul Torremans, James J. Fawcett
- Choice of law clauses — Jurisdiction under the Brussels-Lugano Regime — Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments – traditional rules — Jurisdiction under the Brussels I Regulation — Jurisdiction under the Lugano Convention
This chapter explores the competence of the English courts under the traditional rules, and more specifically actions in personam and actions in rem. An action in personam is designed to settle the rights of the parties as between themselves, e.g. an action for damages for breach of contract. In English law the only action in rem is that which lies in an Admiralty court against a particular res, namely a ship or some other res, such as cargo, associated with the ship. This chapter first considers three situations in which English courts are competent under common law rules to try an action in personam before discussing the effect of the Brussels/Lugano system on actions in rem. It also reflects on the implications of the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements 2005 for the competence of the English courts.