Welcome to the Frequently Asked Questions for Private International Law (PRIL). The questions are divided into those for users and those for librarians. If you have a question that is not on this list, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Questions about the Oxford Legal Research Library
1. What is the Oxford Legal Research Library (OLRL)?
2. What is a Product Family?
3. Do I have access to everything in the Product Family? How will I know if I don’t have access?
4. How can I get a quick overview of the features?
Questions about Private International Law
8. I have forgotten my user name and password?
9. I am a subscriber and I can't access PRIL
10. After I enter my user name/password and click on "log in" and then try to search or use the indexes, I'm being bounced back to a blank log-in screen
11. Do you offer library card access to PRIL?
12. Our institution connects to the internet using NAT; can we access PRIL?
13. Users with off-site access to PRIL
14. What is your policy on cookies?
15. Questions about proxy servers
16. Questions relating to IP addresses
17. Password questions
Questions for Users
18. How do you decide what content to publish in PRIL?
19. Is there any overlap between the titles in PRIL and OUP's other services?
20. Can I receive email alerts regarding news and updates to PRIL?
21. Can I suggest content for inclusion in PRIL?
22. How is the content digitized?
23. How are keywords assigned to the PRIL content?
Finding Information in PRIL
24. What are the different ways of searching within PRIL?
25. I’m having difficulty searching by date in Advanced Search. What date format is required?
26. How can I view a list of books on PRIL?
27. What is the searchable and readable unit for book content?
28. How do I see the content of a single book in the order in which that content appears in the printed book?
29. Can I work in an environment where I can see content from more than one product within the Oxford Legal Research Library
30. Why am I unable to order by relevance when browsing?
31. What factors do you apply when ordering results by relevance?
32. For some content I see [No title] in both the table of contents and some headings – what does this mean?
33. What is the Oxford Law Citator and how do I use it?
34. What links will I find in PRIL
35. Why does clicking on the Citator take me away from the content in the product?
36. What are the timescales for adding links to the content in the service?
37. One of the cross-reference links in the text doesn't work
Working with Content
Questions for Librarians
41. Is PRIL OpenURL compliant?
42. Does PRIL provide MARC records for subscribing institutions?
43. How are PRIL user statistics reports defined?
44. Can I see usage statistics for my library/institution?
45. How often are COUNTER statistics made available?
Questions about the Oxford Legal Research Library
The Oxford Legal Research Library (OLRL) is a Product Family containing a collection of digital Law products, all available separately for subscription. These are:
- International Commercial Law (ICML)
- International Commercial Arbitration (ICMA)
- Financial and Baking Law (FBL)
- Private International Law (PRIL)
A Product Family is a user interface that allows users to search and browse more than one product at a time. These families are often provided for Law products grouped within the same subject area or discipline; however the OLRL family interface groups collections of book content across a number of different subject areas. Users can choose to cross search products together to obtain wider results, or to work in one of the product interfaces for a more focused set of results.
Product Family: Oxford Legal Research Library
Products within the Product Family: International Commercial Law, International Commercial Arbitration, Financial and Banking Law, Private International Law.
Your access to the content will depend on the subscription that you or your institution has purchased. Even though you may not have a subscription to all of the products in a Product Family, you can search across all of the products. This means that you can see results from content to which you are not subscribed, as well as content to which you have purchased access. ‘Protected’ results are indicated by a padlock icon or, in some cases, a line of text indicating that there are more results from a particular product. You can filter search results to view items with full-text access or filter to view the content to which you don’t have access. If you want to access content for which you do not have a subscription, we suggest that you complete a Recommend to Your Librarian form.
Please take our tour for a quick overview.
Questions about Private International Law
PRIL is a product included in the Oxford Legal Research Library. It brings together some of the leading works in the field and provides an exceptional resource for the private international law researcher. For more information, see the About page.
Private International Law is a collection of works also published in print by OUP (i.e. "book content'). For a full list of titles included please click here. Please see the Content Updating Policy for more information on the content of the site.
New content will be added to PRIL as new relevant titles are published.
Only account administrators can reset passwords. Please see your librarian or administrator for help.
Please check that you have sent us your license agreement. Unless you are in a free trial period, we cannot give you access to the site until we have received and checked your signed license agreement.
a) Is it possible that you are attempting to log in with a password via the Personal Profile area of the site?
The ‘Sign in’ link in the Personal Profile area of the site is where you save content and searches rather than log in to the site. To log in with a password, you must enter your username and password in the login box on the left hand side of the screen.
b) Is it possible that some of your registration details are incorrect on our database?
If the IP address or addresses for your institution or the user name and password which you use to access PRIL are incorrect in our subscriber database you will not be able to access the site. Check with your librarian or account administrator, and ask them to follow the instructions below.
You need to log in to the site, select Subscriber Services from the top toolbar on any page, and then go to the appropriate ‘Managing your account’ link for your territory. From there you can check that you are using the correct user name and password or that the correct IP address/es have been entered for your institution.
Once you have checked whether your IP address details are correct, please use the contact us section in Subscriber Services to tell us whether:
- your IP address/es need to be corrected (if so, please supply the correct address/es)
- your IP address/es are correct, but you still can't get access to PRIL.
c) Are you seeing any error messages when you try to log in?
Error messages appear above the login box on the Log in screen. These give some suggestions about why you may not be able to access the site. They may direct you to either your network administrator or to the contact us page.
d) Could your account be on hold?
Occasionally an account is put on hold if we have not received your subscription payment, or if your subscription or free trial has expired. In both of these cases we would usually have been in touch with you about this. Please contact us for more information about this.
e) If your institution holds a concurrent user license, it may be that your browser is not configured to accept cookies
Cookies are required for subscribers in order to control access to the service. If you see a cookie-related error message when you try to log in, then you need to enable cookies and try again. For more information, please contact us.
It is possible that you are seeing an old page and need to alter your cache settings. To find out how to refresh your cache settings, please refer to the online help in your Browser.
Yes, to access using your library card, use the login on the Home Page.
Our access control software will work fine with sites firewalled using NAT. In order to give you access, we just need to know which IP address ranges that the NAT software is masquerading as. Please contact us if you would like to do this.
We do not allow remote access unless it is by a secure route e.g. Shibboleth, Athens, a referred URL access from an accessed-controlled page on the subscriber's website or access via a VPN (Virtual Private Network). Please contact us for more information
a) Will our proxy server IP address(es) be enough to allow access to PRIL?
Yes. However, if you are accessing PRIL through a proxy server then you need to give us the IP address of the proxy server in order for you to access the PRIL site.
b) I've registered my proxy server IP address(es), but I can't access PRIL.
If you are shown as not logged in and have no access to full-text content then the IP address of your proxy server is not being recognised by the PRIL site. If this is the case, please contact us, giving us details of the problem.
c) After previously successful IP-authenticated access via a proxy server, why am I now being requested to sign in with a user name and password?
If there is no obvious technical solution to the problem, please contact your Internet service provider to check whether they have changed their configuration in a way that might hinder your IP-authenticated access to the PRIL site.
a) I've tried to set up IP-authenticated access to PRIL without success
If you are unable to access PRIL by IP address authentication, referring URL access may be possible. Please contact us to enquire about further possibilities for your institution.
b) How do I register a large number of IP addresses or change my institution's existing IP addresses?
Contact the office appropriate to your region with the list of IP addresses.
Tip: remember to use the asterisk (*) wildcard character if you are registering an entire class of IP address, and condense IP ranges in the following way, e.g. nnn.nnn.1-30.*
a) I've forgotten my site administrator password
Please contact us and specify whether you would like to be reminded of your password or whether you would like to change it (along with details of what you'd like to change it to) and we will send you the details as soon as possible.
b) Can I distribute my site administrator user name and password to allow access for colleagues?
No, this is a restricted ID which should be kept in a safe place for use only by the librarian or site administrator. As access to PRIL for institutions is IP authenticated, your colleagues will be able to access service without a user name and password. If any of your colleagues requires a user name and password for off-site access to PRIL, please contact us.
Questions for Users
All OLRL products are secondary collections of analytic or scholarly material and contain:
Key authoritative reference works on the area
Black-letter reference works and commentaries, which deal with the application of that area in practice
Treatises and monographs which provide important and authoritative statements on the current state of the law and practice-oriented analysis as to how, and why, it is developing in particular ways
We will add new titles from our publishing programme that meet one of these criteria and are relevant to the area of law in question.
There is currently some overlap between the titles in PRIL and those in other OUP products. We choose to include relevant titles in more than one product so as to give all users the best possible access to content that will help them to fulfil their research needs, without requiring them to purchase additional subscriptions or search in two places.
We will always be transparent about such overlaps, and seeing the content in two places does not mean we will make you pay for it twice.
You can subscribe to an RSS feed from the Home Page, which delivers news and the latest information about new content.
Please contact us with details of the content that you would like to suggest and we will respond shortly. In order to add the necessary value to the content, our editorial processes mean that we cannot guarantee immediate publication, although we will endeavour to prioritize suggestions where possible.
The full text of each piece of content has been digitized for online display and has an underlying structural mark-up in XML that supports advanced search. A checking process is undertaken to ensure high levels of accuracy. Inevitably errors may arise during the digitization process. We welcome feedback from users which will enable us to correct the data displayed on the site.
Keywords are allocated by authors or editors, choosing from a controlled subject taxonomy (which is then used for browsing the site). Keywords are allocated at the same level as the content is divided for searching and reading.
Finding information within PRIL
There are two main ways in which you can carry out a search in PRIL:
- Quick Search
Enter specific terms or phrases in the quick search box at the top right of the screen. Boolean searching is supported. Phrases need to be in inverted commas (“”) and wildcards (* and ?) can be used (although note that wildcards do not work within phrase searches). Find more information on Quick search here.
- Advanced Search
This is used to search for terms within specific elements of the content (e.g. Subject area, title, date and author). You can also search for multiple terms by adding rows to your search. Find more information on Advanced search here.
Supported date formats are as follows: YYYY, YYYY-MM, YYYY-MM-DD
You can also search between ranges of years using the format YYYY-YYYY
A list of the books available on the site can be accessed by clicking on Browse all, and then choosing Book Title from the list of filters on in the left hand panel next to the results.
You can also click here for a full list of titles available on the service.
Generally, we divide book content at the chapter level for search and reading purposes. However, if the chapters of a book are very long, so that using the chapter as the searchable and readable unit would give less granular results and very long sections to download and read, we will divide the content at a lower level (i.e. sections within the chapter).
First, click Browse all. Thereafter:
- Select narrowing by Book Title from the facets on the left hand side of the results
- Choose the title of the relevant book from the list in the box which appears (note that authors are not shown in this list – you will need to know the title of the book, and that you may need to scroll to see the end of the list) and tick the box next to that title to select it
- Click the Update button
- Your results will be updated so that they include only content from the selected title – the results will be in A – Z order by default, based on the title of each section of the book
- Change the sort order to Table of Contents order to see the content in the order in which it was published in print
In all OLRL products, users can choose to work either in the product context or in the family context. Most users will probably choose to start their research at the product level, especially if they only subscribe to one of the collections; i.e. at either
However, it is possible to search and browse the collections together using the family interface (www.oxfordlegalresearch.com). You can get to this from the product interfaces by clicking on Oxford Legal Research Library in the masthead or by conducting a quick search with the family selected via the radio buttons above the search box.
Note that in the family environment, results are shown by default for all collections in the family, whether or not you subscribe to them; however you will not be able to access the content via these results unless you have a valid subscription to the collection in question. When working within the OLRL environment you can also limit your results to those within PRIL, by using the Product filter in the left hand panel. You can also tick the box at the top left of the search page to see only results from those subscribed products, so excluding results for which you do not have full text access.
If you want to return to work in the product context, click on Private International Law in the product selector on the left of the OLRL home page and you will be sent to the PRIL product. When working in the product context, your search (including Advanced Search) and browse results are automatically limited to content within that product only.
Relevance is applicable to search only, as relevance rating relates to the occurrences of a search term within a piece of content, relative to occurrences in other pieces of content. Any item chosen within a particular browse category has equal weighting, so the results are presented in A-Z order by default. All other available sort orders may be applied to browse results.
There are a number of different factors applied when the products decide in which order they should return search results from a quick search. They include the number of times that the search term appears in the searchable chunk, and whether it appears in the title or section headings. We are also able to add weightings for particular chunks or particular types of chunk to make them return further up or down the list.
‘No Title’ is the default heading for a chunk of content that does not have a title in the printed book. There should be a limited number of these; they are generally introductory text or tables of content for appendices.
The Oxford Law Citator is a state-of-the-art navigation tool which integrates the content of all online law resources from Oxford University Press, providing direct links between our case reports, primary materials, and value-added commentary. The Citator also contains records for many more referenced items, even if Oxford does not publish the full text, to give users paths to follow for their onward research
To access the Citator record for a particular content item, click on the orange Citator logo within the item title, the Citator button above the item’s table of contents, or any active link within the item text. For more information on how to use the Oxford Law Citator, visit its Help and FAQ pages.
In addition to links to cross references and footnotes (which link directly to other parts of the same work), we also include links to important items referenced in the content, via References panels shown inline in the text (at the end of each page/paragraph).
The links in the References panels are enabled by the Oxford Law Citator and are drawn from the Tables of Authority for each book. The panels allow you to see which tabled sources are cited in each page/paragraph and to link directly to the full text of those sources (where published by OUP), or to a Citator record for the referenced item (which will exist in the Citator whether or not OUP publishes the full text of the source). A unique Citator record exists for each instrument, commentary, or other material published or referenced on any piece of content in an online law resource from OUP. Within this record you will find citation details and links to the item. In addition you will find other useful information about the item, such as lists of other items that reference or are referenced by the item, links to related items, items from the same jurisdiction, and more.
For more information on References panels, see the help text on this feature.
For more information on how to use the Oxford Law Citator, visit its Help and FAQ pages.
We have given users the choice as to how they use the Citator during their research. Either:
a) Left click on a link or the Citator icon to open the Citator record in the same window as you are now working; this keeps the journey linear (i.e. you will move away from the content item within the product to the equivalent Citator record in the same tab or window, so avoiding a multitude of open tabs); or
b) Right click and choose to open the Citator in a new tab/window, so allowing you to move between the full text item and corresponding Citator content.
When working in the Citator and moving between Citator record, these options still apply – right click if you want to open the next citator record in a new tab.
Usually, our enhancement processes take place before publication, so that we are able to publish the content with links/Reference panels already in place. However, there may be some occasions where the resolution of the links to their correct targets takes more time than we want to wait before publishing the content; this process is in large part a manual one and involves much detailed research to ensure that the link goes to the correct place. In those circumstances we will sometimes opt for getting the content published quickly without the links resolved, and then add in the links as soon as possible after publication.
If a cross-reference link in the text isn't working, please contact us and we will try to fix the issue as soon as possible.
Working with Content
Questions for Librarians
Technical questions — OpenURL, MARC Records, Usage statistics
Yes, PRIL is compliant with version 0.1 of the OpenURL specification. To enable this feature in your institution, please access your account information in Subscriber Services. PRIL also supports custom OpenURL resolver icons specific to your institution.
Also note that PRIL is integrated with Ex Libris' SFX Knowledge Base, ensuring that the site operates as both a source and target for OpenURL.
Machine Readable Cataloguing records (MARC21 Records) are available for library professionals to download free of charge. Our records are NACO, SACO, and AACR2 compliant.
Click on the appropriate link on our Subscriber Services page to download a MARC21 format file (.mrc) containing records of titles published in the latest content update, or of all the titles currently published in PRIL. Please note that you will require MARC record reader/editing software (such as MARC Edit) to load these files to your library system.
Please note that MARC records are available for online Law product titles and book titles published in online law products only.
PRIL offers COUNTER-compliant statistics (following the Code of Practice for Books and Reference Works, Release 1) offering the following reports:
- BR2: Number of Successful Section Requests by Month
- BR4: Turnaways by Month and Service
- BR6: Total Searches and Sessions by Month and Service
Yes, COUNTER-compliant usage statistics are available to account administrators. To see your institution's usage statistics, follow the appropriate link in our Subscriber Services area (you'll need to use your administrator user name and password).
COUNTER statistics are made available approximately 2 weeks after the end of the month.
Subscriber services — account information, browser compatibility, accessibility
To view your subscription details log in to the Subscriber Services site appropriate to your region.
Alternatively you can e-mail the office appropriate to your region giving details of what you would like us to change and we will contact you as soon as we have implemented the changes:
PRIL is designed to display and function correctly on the following browsers or later:
- Firefox 8 and 9
- Safari 5
- Google Chrome 17 and 18
- IE8 and IE9
We recommend that you set your screen resolution to 1024x768 pixels for the optimum display and use of PRIL.
Subscriber Services are only available to subscribers of PRIL who are logged in to the site. Usernames and passwords for Subscriber Services are only available to library administrators once you have logged in to the site, just choose the Subscriber Services link from the top toolbar on any page. Once on the Subscriber Services page, you will be required to enter your administrator username and password in order to access the following services:
- View subscription information and IP addresses
- View your institutional usage reports
If you are a subscriber and cannot log in to the PRIL Subscriber Services area, please contact us.